leah blogs: August 2004

31aug2004 · Tuning Enlightenment

Since my switch to Enlightenment, I’ve spend a fair amount of time adjusting it too my needs (and I don’t regret it, configuring Fluxbox was a much bigger, troublesome task).

One thing that disturbed me was that my favorite terminal emulator aterm only used the background image of the first desktop for pseudo-transparency, which is kind of icky if you have four different backgrounds. :-)

However, it can be solved quite easily by calling :

eesh -e 'hints xroot root'

shortly after Enlightenment starts. aterm (and other apps using pseudo-transparency that are not Enlightenment specific) will now get the backgrounds right.

In fact, this eesh, the Enlightenment extended shell is a very cool tool to “speak” to Enlightenment using simple scripts.

I’m building a Ruby library to abstract the interface of eesh in a object-oriented way, and I’ve already implemented a sample, IMHO very useful function, moving windows until they touch some other window.

As a side effect, I also can do stuff like “focus the next window on the left-hand side of the current one” now. Something I always wanted.

The code still needs a bit of polishing and there is a small bug to be fixed, but will it follow.

NP: Bob Dylan—Desolation Row

30aug2004 · Say you want a revolution...

I’ve come to the conclusion that the only thing that will help Microsoft staying a “successful” company for the next, say ten, years is a new—radically new—operating system. XP was not enough to stop the inertia coming for all the years of DOS, Windows 3.11, 95, 98 and ME. Neither will be Longhorn, as I can see it.

Microsoft needs a revolution. WordNet defines this word as: a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving; and that’s the way I see it. (The other definition, the overthrow of a government by those who are governed, would be even nicer, but in this post I’ll try to stay on the technical side.)

In terms of Microsoft, that means dropping backwards compatibility from the view of the OS. Longhorn is still able to run Visicalc, and this is something that doesn’t need to be. If I really wanted to run Visicalc, I’d use a real emulator like DosBox, anyway.

Note that I say “from the view of the OS”. They should do it like Apple. Mac OS X is still able to run applications written for Mac OS 9 and sooner, but they will run in an emulated mode, which is clearly separated from the rest of the operating system.

Once they have thrown all the old mess away, they need to fulfill these 6 points:

Drop drive letters

This is a step that should have happened shortly after DOS got directory support, which would be version 3, IIRC.

Drive letters have absolutely no useful purpose anymore, instead, future versions of Windows should have a file system with a single root, where external disks and devices are being mounted on.

This includes weird devices like PRN: and NUL:. These are, nearly 20 years after their introduction, still responsible for a lot of bugs and crashes, not at least of IE.

It would be that easy: I simply drop my document on /Devices/Printers/LaserJet, and voila, it’s getting printed.

Drop file extensions

Same case here, this can be done a lot better: Every application may include a entry for a file(1) like program that maps the file itself onto a MIME type. This MIME type gets mapped to matching programs then.

Also, for security reasons, only programs and scrips with an executable flag set should be possible to run. It should be fairly easy to enable that flag, but mail programs and other open gates for virii and worms shouldn’t set it on their own.

Drop .exe-Installers

Instead, get a real package management system, like for example Debian’s apt which can handle dependencies and ensure clean removal of packages.

Alternatively, provide Mac OS like disk images, which include all files the application needs in a single file, ready to be “installed” by drag and drop.

Drop the registry

Going the step to program specific configuration files is a trend I see on lots of applications today. Therefore, remove this mess. (Possibly provide a backwards-compatible API to access configuration files using registry like structures.)

Drop CR/LF

This was one of the biggest mistakes ever, so repeat after me: A file is essentially a string of bytes.

A file is essentially a string of bytes. This means it will be the same no matter how it’s read.

The conversion from single-byte newlines to CR/LF has been a source of endless confusion to programmers coming from a non-DOS background. Drop it, no-one needs it anymore (or so to say, … needed it ever).

Drop the bloat

Longhorn is expected to take 1 Terabyte of disk space and 2 Gigabytes of RAM. I don’t this this needs more words.

Furthermore, it would be nice if they included a nice Unixish environment. I think a lot of Windows power-users would love to be able to dump command.com and cmd.exe (although the latter is a lot better, admittedly) and use a real shell. Inside the estimated 1 Terabyte for Longhorn, there surely should be some space for the unix utilities, a ported GNU toolchain and a portable language usable for quick scripting, such as Perl or Ruby.

And this is only the stuff that I count to the operating system. A lot also applies to their other applications; the Internet Explorer could badly need a revolution too, for example.

NP: Beatles—Revolution

27aug2004 · Fixing Windoze

Today, our internet box running Windoze XP just wouldn’t boot anymore.

Power on. Bootloader. Blank screen. Nothing.

Power on. Bootloader. F8. Safe mode. Blank screen. Nothing.

I was damn pissed off. The box suddenly stopped working. I love computers when nothing works and you have no idea why. But hey, Knoppix to the rescue.

After booting, I quickly inspected C:\ using mc, my favourite filemanager (old, but good). Hmm, nothing special. At least my files are still there. Wondering.

After some more debugging, I chose to look at all files changed in the last 24h.

Somehow I felt the need to delete hiberfil.sys, the file where Windoze stores it’s Hibernation state in. Quickly booted into the recovery mode (Knoppix can’t write on NTFS), and a quick:

del hiberfil.sys

Rebooting. “Welcome…”. Desktop. Uff.

Seems like someone tried to hibernate the computer, which didn’t seem to work.

Now the big question: If I try to boot into safe mode, why the hell does Windows try to load the hibernated state?

NP: The Hives—Love In Plaster

25aug2004 · Enlightenment

I’ve never been a great fan of Enlightenment, but there haven’t been lots of new releases in the past either.

However, today this totally changed: Enlightenment kicks ass. The new default theme, winter is soo great. I think I’ll switch from my fluxbox to it. It’s just great.

So far, I didn’t have to touch any configuration file(!), everything was configurable using the GUI. I’m normally not that kind of guy that likes that especially (I’m still wondering where exactly the configuration is saved… ;-)), but remembering the hours I spent to make fluxbox start my Emacsen and ATerms at the right desktops isn’t exactly good either.

Sample screenshot:

Enlightenment Screen Shot

NP: Brand New Demon—Damn The Beat

23aug2004 · Olympic (sh|g)ames

I’m sorry, but I can’t link to the website of this year’s Olympic Games, because my snail mail to the webmaster didn’t get approved (yeah, sure…). Only a fascist pig with a read-only mind can get those ideas.

A bad Nirvana filk dedicated to the olympic games:

Dope me,
Dope me my friend
Dope me,
Dope me again

I’m not the only one…

Hate me,
Do it and do it again.
Waste me,
Dope me my friend.

I’m not the only one…

Yeah, it’s bad. But those games don’t deserve it better.

NP: The Hives—Dead Quote Olympics

21aug2004 · The Party

What a party yesterday night… Some notes:

  • Tequila Gold and grapefruit matches quite well, if no oranges are available.

  • Trying to speak English all the time when you’re drunk can be pretty funny (esp. if the people around aren’t that good in English. :-P).

  • Be sure to assume a reasonable number of guests when buying stuff.

  • Be sure they will come. ;-)

  • Don’t try to sleep in a room when people are talking non-stop thru the whole night.

  • Playing keyboard at half to 5 o’clock doesn’t help either.

  • Wax can be removed from tables by making it wet using dishwater and abrading with a sharp knife.

NP: Josh Ritter—Come and Find Me

19aug2004 · Capitalizing


This is a widely known rule (maybe not among spammers…), and should be followed by every user that knows the netiquette.

HOWEVER, I think there is nothing wrong with spelling a word upcase now and then. Look around you; look at books, CD-ROMs, newspapers, advertisements. Do you see how much text is written upcased?

I think this is quite amusing. Look around when taking a walk in the city, and count all uppercase-only sentences. Would you have expected that much?

NP: Deftones—Digital Bath

17aug2004 · zxy___

Yesterday, on #ruby-lang (at this time, zxy had already three instances of himself in this channel) (logs slightly edited):

* zxy____ (tux-chan@gw-3.selfnet.de) has joined #ruby-lang
<lyle> haha
<zxy____> you will be assimilated
<lyle> zxy____: the role of "person who posts under multiple aliases" is already taken.
* You are now known as zxy_____
<zxy______> flgr_: you will be assimilated
* flgr_ is now known as zxy________
* zxy________ is now known as zxy_______
<zxy_______> i win.
* You are now known as zxy________
<zxy________> haha
<zxy______> vruz: you will be assimilated
<zxy________> tab completion sucks :P
<lypanov> lol
<zxy____> lypanov: resistance is futile
* oGMo is now known as zxy_____
<zxy_____> how silly
<zxy______> lypanov: you will be assimilated
<zxy_______> damn, I can't decide which lines I actually typed now
* lypanov is now known as zxy_____________
<zxy_____________> bler
<zxy_____> nice
<zxy_______> zxy_____________: you're expanding my nick delimiter!
<zxy________> zxy_____________: you always need to overdo, hmm?
* neoneye is now zxy___________________________
<zxy_______> (this totally destroys tabbing)
<zxy_____> this is screwing up my nick hilighting
<zxy_______> and highlighting, too
<zxy________> lool
<zxy_______> there are no individuals, there is only us
<zxy____> we have become One
<zxy________> yuck
<zxy________> :P
* neoneye is now known as zxy___________
<zxy_____> i hope some newbie joins about now and gets utterly confused
<zxy________> hehe
<zxy______> I am zxy______ of Ruby
<zxy_____________> batsman. where are you?
<zxy____> batsman is no more
<zxy_____________> ASSIMILATE HIM
<zxy_______> I think we started something superior to orkut
<zxy______> we shall go to #python now
<zxy___________> END { python }
<zxy_______> okay
<zxy______> LET US GO TO #PYTHON
<zxy________> YA!
<zxy___________> he he
So, we chose to go to #python:
* Now talking on #python
<-- exarkun has kicked zxy_______ from #python (zxy_______)
* zxy___________ (~neoneye@0x50c4101e.boanxx9.adsl-dhcp.tele.dk) has joined #python
* You have been kicked from #python by exarkun (zxy________)
How unfriendly they are!
<zxy________> exarkun sucks :P
<zxy_______> we lost, damn
<zxy___________> Can't join channel..
<zxy_______> okay, #perl then?
<zxy___________> banned
<zxy______> already?
<zxy________> #perl is unfriendly, no?
<zxy_____________> hope we don't all get klined :P
<zxy______> we will be quicked right away
<zxy_______> they will understand the magic
<zxy________> ok
<zxy______> we just have to keep quiet
* zxy________ is in
Onwards to #perl!:
* Now talking on #perl
<Limbic_Region> vi - the one true editor to rule them all
* zxy___________ (~neoneye@0x50c4101e.boanxx9.adsl-dhcp.tele.dk) has joined #perl
<zxy_____________> Limbic_Region: GO VI!
<zxy___________> vi vi
<zxy_____________> vi!
<zxy________> emacs :P
* zxy______ (tux-chan@gw-3.selfnet.de) has joined #perl
* zxy____ (tux-chan@gw-3.selfnet.de) has joined #perl
<zxy_____________> perl?
<zxy_______> /Emacs|Notepad/
<zxy________> congrats, #perl. you guys are nice.
<zxy_____________> zxy________: yup :). they win :)
<GXTi> i have to ask
<GXTi> whats with the names?
<zxy_____________> seeing how nice channels are
<zxy________> hehe
<zxy_____________> you guys are nice :)
<zxy______> #python kicked Us right away
<GXTi> but why 6 of you?
<wallshot> lamest nicknames ever
<zxy______> #perl is much nicer
<zxy_____________> we like underscores
<zxy________> GXTi: were different ones :)
<GXTi> i noticed.
<zxy_____________> just like you guys in fact :)
* eric^ is now known as zxy_________
<zxy_______> we are trying to test tabbing in popular irc clients
<zxy_________> woo woo
<zxy____> there was a zxy_ originally
<zxy________> and a __ ;)
<zxy_____________> :)
<zxy___________> it has escalated
<sili> assholes.
<zxy______> but now we are just zxy_________
<Blimey> someone kill those please
<zxy_________> and nuts
<sili> kitchen thrig help :(
<Blimey> it's a eggdrop bot
<adamruck> fucking change your nicks
<zxy_______> I am no eggdrop
<zxy______> we are no Bot
<kitchen> bad nick choice isn't necessarily a kick option
<alcaloide> zxy*:  you guys are fucking retarded
<zxy_____________> we aren't
<alcaloide> hheheh
<zxy_________> we work
<zxy_________> also rock
<sili> kitchen :(
<zxy________> ;)
<sili> kitchen how about a +q? :p
<zxy_____________> alcaloide: hey. irssi has kick as highlights :P
<zxy_________> come on
<zxy_________> gimme +o
<zxy________> :P
<zxy_______> Blimey: ask a question, see we're not eliza
<adamruck> ignored
* ChanServ gives channel operator status to Chris62vw
<Blimey> maybe one of u isn't
<zxy____> Blimey: then I'm the first eliza to pass the Turing test
<GXTi> okay, you've worn out your welcome... pick decent names
<zxy_________> aww
<sili> why does chris have opness
* zxy___________ is now known as neoneye
* zxy_______ is now known as flgr
<zxy_________> baned from #python
<zxy_________> weak
<Chris62vw> so I can kick people
<zxy_____________> sili: power! :)
* You are now known as chris2
<sili> no fair.
* zxy_____________ is now known as lypanov
<neoneye> sorry
* zxy______ is now known as batsman
<chris2> dito ;)
<lypanov> hey you guys rock though!
<sili> Chris62vw be the merciless tryant you are and do your worst
<lypanov> python sucks!
<GXTi> better
* Chris62vw removes channel operator status from Chris62vw
* zxy____ is now known as aniki

What a fun…

NP: Pearl Jam—Immortality

16aug2004 · Flipping my LSB

Today, my age is flipping it’s least significant bit (yeah, I’m a little-endian-head).

For reference, “getting older” in several languages I know:


self.age += 1





C++ (*g*):



AGE=`expr $AGE+1`



Common Lisp:

(incf age)


(set! age (+ 1 age))




1 age +!




age ← age + 1.


set :age + age 1

Intercal (assuming the age is in register .1), untested:

.2 <- #1
.1 <- .3

… I’m running out of languages.

To the non-geeks: It’s my birthday today!

NP: Beethoven—Freude schöner Götterfunken

14aug2004 · pho2 again

I’ve put up a working version of pho2, so far tested with Mozilla, Firebird and various text browsers including w3m, lynx and links. It works in dillo too, and other low-level graphical browsers.

Of course, it doesn’t run on MSIE! But I’m not going to fix that, send patches if you want.

NP: Alice Cooper—Poison

12aug2004 · Pho2

I’m trying to write a photo gallery page that doesn’t suck and is accessible.

It works pretty good so far, some stuff is still missing, more on that soon.

Sample Screenshot:

Screenshot of Pho2

NP: Bad Religion—Sorrow

10aug2004 · Slate

The programming language Slate was recently released in it’s version 0.3.

Slate is mainly influenced by Self, BETA, Joy, Forth and Lisp. It is quite unique though: It’s the first language to implement Prototypes with Multiple Dispatch (PMD). In fact, one of it’s authors—Lee Salzman— even wrote a thesis on it (available on the Slate homepage).

One interesting thing about it is the way it’s implemented. While versions before 0.3 had Common Lisp code attached to get it running, version 0.3 is self-hosting using mobius, a VM implemented in Slate itself by translating Slate to C. The VM is still quite slow (the Lisp versions weren’t fast, either), but it looks really promising; after all, the whole this is written in itself, except for some really tiny pieces of C to interface with Unix.). Very cool

Now, a tiny snippet of an example program to show how it looks like:

g@(LifeGame traits) init
"Load up #cells to be randomized."
  g cells doWithIndex: [| :each :index |
    g cells at: index put: 0].
  g cells size / 4 timesRepeat: [
    g cells at: (g random: g cells size) put: 1

Very Smalltalk-like (not to say Selfish :-P), but once you get a bit used to it, it’s very easy to read.

It comes with some elisp for Emacs support, so let the hacking begin!

NP: Bob Dylan—When the Ship Comes In

09aug2004 · Rechtschreibanarchie?

Die Diskussion um die Rechtschreibreform ist lächerlich. Dabei könnte das Problem so leicht gelöst werden, würde man die ganze Schwarz-Weiß-Malerei vernachlässigen und sich um die Lösung des wahren Problems kümmern.

Fakt ist: Einige der neuen Schreibungen sind einfach zum Kotzen. Bei Worten wie “Delfin”, “platzieren” oder “Ketschup” kommt’s mir einfach hoch.

Trotzdem sind einige Aspekte sinnvoll, zum Beispiel die ss/ß-Regelung. “dass” ist doch einfach schöner als “daß”, oder?

Die Lösung des Problems ist ganz einfach: Die “Übergangszeit” wird einfach ins Unendliche verlängert. “Alte” und neue Rechtschreibung bleibt weiterhin gültig. In den Schulen wird allerdings nur die neue gelehrt, die alte aber weiterhin toleriert und nicht als Fehler gerechnet.

Die Entscheidung, wie man schreibt bleibt sowieso jedem selbst überlassen. Es ist auch nicht so, dass man sich auswählen kann, in welcher Rechtschreibung man liest. Entweder man liest den jeweiligen Text so wie er ist, oder eben nicht. Ganz einfach. Lest halt keinen Spiegel mehr, wenn ihr nicht wollt. Schmeißt die alten Schulbücher raus, ignoriert deutsche Literatur seit 1901.

Sinn der Rechtschreibung ist, dass sich unterschiedliche Menschen schriftlich mitteilen können, ohne sich misszuverstehen. Ob man jetzt “Radfahren” oder “Rad fahren” schreibt, ob “17jährig” oder “17-jährig”, ist doch vollkommen egal, oder?

NP: Die toten Hosen—Die zehn Gebote

08aug2004 · Nukumi 0.5 released

After a long time without releases, I release Nukumi 0.5 today.

New features since the last release include:

  • New Formatters
  • External Formatters
  • Fixed URLs
  • Hiding pages
  • Multiple keys
  • Support for Categories
  • Support for Actions
  • Emacs support
  • Improved feeds

See the README for more information.

Download: nukumi-0.5-patch-57.tar.gz

NP: Neil Young & Pearl Jam—I Shall Be Released

07aug2004 · While the GC gently sweeps

A filk on “While My Guitar Gently Weeps”, by the Beatles:

I look at the term and I see the prog’s sleeping
While the GC gently sweeps
I look at the code and I see it needs cleaning
Still the GC gently sweeps

I don’t know why nobody told you
how to GC incrementally
I don’t know how someone could code you
they bought and sold you

I look at the box and I notice it’s beeping
While the GC gently sweeps
With every mistake we must surely be learning
Still the GC gently sweeps

I don’t know how you did get coded
you were very twisted too
I don’t know how you were invented
no one ever tested you

I look at your code and can see the bugs sleeping
While the GC gently sweeps
I look at your code
Still the GC gently sweeps

While getting the idea for the filk, I was thinking of a Lisp program, but during writing it turned out to be a Java one… :-P

NP: George Harrison & Friends—While My Guitar Gently Weeps

07aug2004 · Nukumi as a CMS

Using a small plugin, I have been able to make Nukumi generate static pages with a fixed URL. This can be used to empower a whole site using Nukumi, even the parts that don’t relate to the blog.

Therefore, I’ve also moved the more useful parts of my personal page to Nukumi.

There is now a intro page at http://www.kronavita.de/chris to provide a menu for accessing the subpages.

NP: Johnny Cash—25 Minutes to Go

07aug2004 · Slider

slider is a cool application launch bar, which is extremely configurable in its look.

Note: slider needs Ruby 1.8+ and ruby-gtk2 (I use 0.60.0).

The current default slider theme, dubbed blue, looks like this, if its open: Open slider (blue theme)

An alternate slider theme, dubbed brushed, looks like this, if its open: Open slider (brushed theme)

Since version 0.4, slider also can be used vertically:

Vertical slider (blue theme)

That’s the way blue looks if its closed:

Closed slider (blue theme) Closed slider (brushed theme)

Get it! Download: slider-0.4.tar.gz

07aug2004 · rand.rb

rand.rb is a library for picking random elements and shuffling.


rand.rb adds new methods to Enumerable, Array, and Hash to:

  • return a random element (pick, pick_index, pick_key, pick_value and their destructive versions suffixed with !).

  • arrange elements in new, random order (shuffle, shuffle_hash_pairs, shuffle_hash).

  • use above methods in convenient ways (each_random, map_random).

It also provides these new facilities to String:

  • shuffle_chars, to arrange the characters of the string in new order.

  • pick_byte, pick_char and pick_index, to return random bytes, characters or elements.


  • November 26, 2004: Initial version done as IRC collaboration project between kig and chris2.

  • November 29, 2004: First release 0.9.

  • December 15, 2004: 0.9 officially announced.

Getting it

You can download rand.rb at

Upstream source

You can get latest development releases using darcs by executing:

darcs get http://chneukirchen.org/repos/rand

darcs send is the preferred way to send patches, but mailing diffs is fine too.


Please mail bugs, feature requests or patches to the mail addresses above or use IRC to contact the developers.


Copyright © 2004 Ilmari Heikkinen
Parts Copyright © 2004 Christian Neukirchen
This work is licensed under the same terms as Ruby itself.

07aug2004 · Texifaif

What is Texifaif?

Texifaif is the Texinfo (the GNU Documentation Format) version of the book "Free as in Freedom".

"Free as in Freedom" is a biography of Richard M. Stallman written by Sam Williams.

"Free as in Freedom" is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.

You can read a online version of FAIF at http://www.faifzilla.org, but there is no download version, so I decided to make one myself.

I converted the whole book from HTML into Texinfo. This has some advantages:

  • Many formats are supported:

    • multiple HTML files
    • single HTML file
    • Plain text
    • GNU Info
    • TeX DVI
    • PDF
  • You have a index.

Get Texifaif

You can get texifaif in these formats:

You can get also get a Makefile for the Texinfo file.

Happy Reading!

07aug2004 · Projects

(This list is probably always horribly outdated…)

Current projects include:

  • Nukumi2: Next-generation blogging system. See the “Nukumi2 Roadmap” for details.

  • rlml.rb: A Ruby parser for the Real Life Markup Language (RLML).

  • RubyPants, a Ruby port of the smart-quotes library SmartyPants.

  • mee: Experimenting on next-generation networked applications.

  • dana: A simple ACID object oriented database for Ruby. In development.

  • bungee: A lightweight object-publishing framework.

  • Bluemoon: A very flexible and dynamic, concatenative, stack-oriented programming language. Still in design, for now.

  • nyx: A decentral communication system. Will probably stay in the “Just in my mind”-queue forever. :-)

Past projects:

  • Nukumi: A static blogging system used to empower this site.

  • tEXPR: A general purpose data transmission and storage format. There is a Specification and some Ruby code.

  • slider: A cool application launch bar written in Ruby and GTK+2.

  • df_zeitung: Magazine for my trip. Finished. (The PDF is too big to get uploaded.)

  • texifaif: Converting Free as in Freedom to Texinfo.

07aug2004 · Contact

Snail mail:

Christian Neukirchen
Hindenburgstr. 5
88400 Biberach

Electronic mail (in preferred order):

The information at http://purl.org/net/chneukirchen is supposed to be the ultimative reference on contacting me. Please visit this.

07aug2004 · About

This is the personal page of Christian Neukirchen.

You can find various things I wrote here.

Here’s also the Texinfo version of “Free as in Freedom” for download. I converted it in 2002.

06aug2004 · For your Amusement

For your amusement:

NP: Pearl Jam—Crown on Thorns

05aug2004 · Bluemoon

This is a proposal for a new programming language.

Serious warning: Reading this post may rot your brain in severe ways. I find myself—being the designer of this language—having serious trouble writing stack oriented code in languages like Forth or PostScript. But feel free to go ahead if you don’t care for these languages…

This new language, dubbed Bluemoon, aims for high goals: It should be as powerful as Lisp (the goddess of all languages :-)) without it’s problems, for example the—to the eyes of many—quirky syntax. s-expressions were made to be read by computers, not to be written by humans. (At the same time, Bluemoon also drops list processing from the absolute core.)

A Bluemoon program has—as a Lisp one—just about no syntax. It is a list of tokens, with only a few are special (comparable to Common Lisp reader macros).

To show a non-trivial example, let’s write the classical example used for closures, a counter:

def :counter {
  def :count 0
  { set :count dup + 1 count }

def :a counter
print a  # => 1
print a  # => 2
print a  # => 3

This Bluemoon program would look like that in Ruby:

def counter
  count = 0
  lambda { count += 1 }

a = counter
p a.call  # => 1
p a.call  # => 2
p a.call  # => 3

Or in Scheme:

(define (counter)
  (let ((count 0))
    (lambda ()
      (set! count (+ count 1))

(let ((a (counter)))
  (display (a))
  (display (a))
  (display (a)))

Let’s examine the example above a bit more. Bluemoon is a fully object-oriented language (the exact semantics of it’s object-orientation are not fully specfied, however). Therefore, def is not a special directive or a special form, but just a method defined for symbols. Symbol#def therefore “takes one argument” (more on that below) and binds the block given to its symbol, in this case creating a toplevel definition.

Symbol#def is not specfic to blocks, as you can see in the second line, it’s very much like Scheme’s define. It creates a lexical variable, which can be “overwritten” using Symbol#set.

One thing I didn’t tell so far: Bluemoon is stack oriented. And now we get to the syntax quirk I’ve warned you before.

This is an idea inspired from APL. In general, stack based languages like PostScript and Forth are read left-to-right. This leads to postfix code. For example, in Forth:

2 2 + .  # => 4

In Scheme, which is infix, this program would look like:

(display (+ 2 2))  # => 4

And therefore, in Bluemoon (infix too):

print + 2 2

This is due a nice parsing hack: In Bluemoon, “lines” are read from right-to-left, as in APL. This makes the language IMHO a lot easier to read, and is less confusing to people coming from other languages. (But can drive you nuts if you need to write PostScript or Forth.)

This is how the parser will read the counter code:

  1. Push a Block
  2. Push a Symbol
  3. Look up def
  4. Call Symbol#def

This is it, the language of Bluemoon is more or less defined.

Now, there is quite a problem: There is no implementation by now. :-) I think I’ll write a simple interpreter in the next weeks, but a lot more will need to be done to make the language usable:

  • define a standard library (Ruby’s will be a great inspiration source to me)
  • define the object-oriented semantics (this will take some experimentation)
  • a compiler?

Not to speak of a community and loads of libraries… ;-) But let’s have everything in sequence.

NP: Black Monday—Fixated

03aug2004 · Sarah Kuttner: Die Show

Sarah Kuttner hat nun eine eigene “Talk”-show, immer um 21 Uhr auf Viva.

Gestern kam die erste Folge, ein paar Gedanken dazu:

  • Man zündet eine Pfeife nicht mit einem Feuerzeug an, in dem man die Pfeife auf den Kopf dreht.

  • Ein Abischnitt von 3.3 ist jetzt auch nicht soo schlecht (gell, Sven… :-))

  • Der Kioskcheck ist geil. “Zwillinge, das Magazin für Mehrlingseltern” eher nicht.

  • Feuerstein nicht an die Waden fassen.

  • Die Pulsgeschichte war lustig. Bei Feuerstein konnte man genau sehen, wie die Frequenz stieg, als er das Gerät anhatte.

  • Feuersteins Frau schaut also MTV (der Brüller überhaupt…)

  • Besonders genial: Die letzten paar Sekunden, “Sarah haut auf die Kacke.”

Man wird sehen, wie sich die Sendung ohne Gäste wie Herbert Feuerstein und Wir sind Helden entwickelt…

NP: Pearl Jam—25 Minutes To Go

01aug2004 · Return

I’m back from Munich, having now

  • got Paul Graham, “Hackers & Painters”: The—by now—well-known book by the author of “On Lisp” on “Big ideas from the computer age”. I haven’t yet finished reading it, but a post commenting it will follow.

  • got Pearl Jam, Beneroya Hall, October 22nd 2003”: A great “official bootleg” taken during an amazing benefit concert for YouthCareacoustic only.

  • met Sebastian Vollnhals in Real Life (yeah, it really exists! ;-)). We had a nice chat on—among other things—confusing a PDP-11 with a coffee machine, wiring a coffee machine to a LAN and the social engineering of car freaks… it was a nice time.

NP: Pearl Jam—Of The Girl

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